Surgical oncology is a division of Oncology dealing with surgical management of cancers. Surgery was the earliest and most time-tested treatment modality for wide range of cancers. Most solid tumours require surgery as a main part of their treatment to achieve meaningful results and cure. Over the decades it has evolved as one of the most important surgical specialities.
Surgical management of cancers requires extensive and complicated procedures, which are technically challenging and time consuming. The main aim of most of these procedures is to achieve a tumour free zone in the operated area.
Technical advances and improved pre and postoperative care has made most of these surgeries safe and effective. Most of the advances in the recent times include minimally invasive approaches to remove cancerous tumours, organ conserving approaches, which result in better postoperative function and advanced reconstructive procedures to achieve superior cosmetic results.
The main cancers, which require the services of surgical oncology division are, Head and Neck cancers, Breast cancers, Gastro Intestinal cancers, Thoracic malignancies, Genito-urinary malignancies, Soft tissue and bony tumors and Nervous system tumors, which include brain and spinal cord.